Part I Reading Comprehension ( 60marks, 60minutes )
Section A ( 50 marks: 2 marks for each item )
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C9and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
To hear most recent research tell it, coffee is a miracle drink. The magic beans will prevent skin cancer and Alzheimer's (老年痴呆症)，reduce heart failure and diabetes (糖尿病)risks, heighten focus, and maybe protect liver health ・ The miracle drink even decreases suicide risk, according to the newest study that justifies our coffee addictions.
According to a study performed by Harvard School of Public Health and published this month in the World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, people who drink two to four cups of coflee each day are less likely to commit suicide than those who don't drink coffee, drink decaff or drink fewer than two cups each day. The study followed over 200,000 people for at least 16 years. And it is not just a weak link: the researchers found that the suicide risk was cut by around 50 percent fbr coffee addicts.
This is not the first time that researchers have discovered that coffee and smiles might go hand in hand. A 2011 study found that women who drink coffee cut their risk of depression by 15 percent compared to those who don't ・ Michel Lucas, the head researcher of the most recent study, told The Huffington Post that coffee addicts can thank caffeine for the good news. The drug may actually act like a mild anti-depressant by adjusting levels of happy hormones.
Of course, there5s plenty of research out there that doesn't look so kindly upon coffee drinkers. Recently, the New Yorker published an article arguing that while coffee may heighten focus, it also puts a squeeze on creativity. And of course, coffee's well-known negative effects like insomnia(失 11 民症)and disturbed sleep cycles still hold.
Regardless, weUl raise our mugs to this most recent study for justifying our coffee addictions once again.
1. which of the following is NOT mentioned as a possible benefit of drinking coffee?
A. Reducing heart failure risks
B. Protecting liver health
C. Preventing skin cancer
D. Improving eyesight
2. According to a study performed by Harvard School of Public Health, people are less likely to commit suicide if they
A. drink fewer than two cups of coffee each day
B. drink more than four cups of coffee each day
C. drink two to four cups of coffee each day
D. don't drink any coffee each day
3. The reason why coffee can cut the suicide risk lies in that
A. it can heighten focus
B. it can cure skin cancer
C. it may help to prevent depression
D. it may make people less creative
4. One of the negative effects of coffee is that it .
A. costs a lot of money
B. disturbs sleep
C. makes people fat
D. causes coffee addiction
5. What might be the writer's attitude toward coffee drinking? .
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
Polar bears are classified as marine mammals(哺乳动物)，like a seal or a whale, which might come as a surprise given that they're usually pictured on land. But polar bears spend a lot of their time in the waters of Arctic(』匕极)，fishing or swimming among the sea ice. They may look awkward in the water, no creature with paws is a better swimmer.
They'd better be. Arctic sea ice is declining fast, robbing the polar bear of its prime habitat and forcing them to swim longer and longer distances to reach solid ground. No other animal seems to be such a direct victim of wanning, which is one reason why the polar bear has emerged as the symbol of climate change.( Another is that they look so cute and cuddly.) It is a simple narrative to grasp: carbon warms the climate, Arctic sea ice melts and baby polar bears drown.
But it turns out it might not be that simple. A new study by scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey(USGS) underscores the fact that polar bears really are amazing swimmers. In fact they are so good that biologist were able to document 50 swims that cover an average length of 96 miles. The research provides clues that polar bears may be able to keep treading water even as climate change melts their habitat.
The researchers published their work in the Canadian Journal of Zoology. They followed 52 female polar bears in the Arctic Ocean north of Alaska from 2004 to 2009, using radio collars that could track the movements of the animals. They then compared the paths taken by the bears with maps of shifting sea ice over the same period of time, and found that the polar bears were world-class marathon swimmers. And those long, long dips in the ocean weren't outliers -一 while the really long-distance swims were relatively rate, 38% of the bears surveyed took at least one such marathon swim.
6. People may feel surprised to know that polar bears are classified as marine mammals because
A. polar bears can not live in the sea
B. polar bears have paws and can talk
C. polar bears are usually seen on land
D. polar bears are rarely pictured by people
7. What does the writer mean by saying “no creature with Daws is a better swimmer." in the first paragraph.
A. Polar bears are the best swimmers in the world.
B・ Polar bears swim better than other animals with paw.
C. No other creatures with paws can swim.
D. Creatures with paws can swim better than any fish.
8. The second paragraph is mainly about L
A. the danger the baby polar bears will face
B. the reasons why polar bears are so popular.
C. the causes of climate change
D. the effects of warming on polar bears
9. The underlined word “underscores” (Paragraph 3) is the closest in meaning to " ”
10. What did the researchers use to track the movements of the 52 female polar bears?
C. Radio collars
D. Maps of shifting sea ice.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
How many hundreds of heroes go unheralded(未宣布的)from the days of Underground Railraod? While we celebrate such important figures as Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass, numerous others were needed to make the operation of the "railroad" a success. Runway slaves had to be given shelter from weather and from search parties. The tale of this awesome phenomenon is one of cooperation, coordination, and brotherly love.
The Underground Railraod operated as a secret organization dedicated to assisting runaway slaves from South. The Railroad should not be thought o& however, as one cohesive body. It was in fact an ever-evolving organization devoted to one cause: protection of one's fellow men and women. It actually began during the colonial period. However, it reached its height in the decades preceding the American Civil War. Acts such as the "Fugitive Slave Act of 1850” increased railroad activity and popularity. The ultimate goal of the Underground Raiiraod was to accomplish the safe arrival of runway slaves to Canada where the long arm of the law could not reach them. Laws such as the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 and 1850 allowed slave owners to recapture escaped slaves and bring them back to bondage in the south.
Some historians believe this courageous organization was begun by Quakers(规格会教徒)in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Over time, the backbone of this organization became the numerous free blacks of the North. They were essential to the successful operation of the Underground Raiiraod. In most cases, fleeing slaves travelled by any means necessary and often on their own in an effort to reach freedom in the North. After arriving in the North the people of Underground Raiiraod would provide assistance and supplies in an effort to get them to the guaranteed freedom of Canada.
2. Which of the following statements about Underground Raiiraod is true?.
AJt is a railroad built underground like subway.
A. It is a railroad operated by the US government.
B. It operated as a secret organization to help runaway slaves.
DJt served as a secret route only known to slave owners in the south.
3. From paragraph 2 , we know that the runaway slaves ・
A. could not afford to buy their train ticket
B. could be captured by slave owners
C. could not get any shelter from bad weather
D. might reach Canada with the help of search parties
4. The Underground Raiiraod began ?
A. during the American civil war
B. after the Declaration of Independence
C. during the colonial period
D. between 1793 and 1850
5. Who are essential to the successful operation of the Underground Raiiraod ?
A. Slaves in the South
B. Quakers in Canada
C. White people of the South
D. Free blacks of the North
6. The tongue of the passage can be described as ?
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
We are in the midst of a heated public debate over the benefits of online education.
Yet while journalists and educators weigh in on the pros and cons of online courses, Tve seen no mention of how online classes can lead to an increase in academic dishonesty. This past semester, I caught quite a few of my students at Cal States Northridge engaging in academic dishonesty.
I think that the incidents of cheating have increased fbr two interconnecting reasons. The first is the trend of packing as many students as possible into course sections as a means of saving money. The second is the structure of the online courses themselves. It is evident that these two intertwining(缠绕)trends can serve to produce academic cheating and plagiarism(剽窃).
In the wake of the Great Recession and the following budget crisis, the dean of one of the colleges I teach in increased class size by as many as 50 students in an attempt to save money. One of the non-online courses I teach was intended fbr 32 to 35 pupils. But when I taught the course last semester, it was composed of 82 students.
Online courses serve to exacerbate(加剧)the trend towards large class sizes. The primary motive fbr the increase in online courses is that they do not require physical classroom space. This allows campus administrator to cut cost by increasing the number of students enrolled in a particular course section even if they do not have classrooms.
What's more, when students take classes online, the professor does not have face-to-face contact with the vast majority of the students enrolled in the course. As a result, one can never be sure that the students are doing their own work fbr there is little to stop them from paying another student to take their exam fbr them.
It is evident that both increased class sizes without any accompanying teaching assistance, and the structure of online courses by themselves, makes it easier fbr students to cheat. This not only cheapens the college degree but also makes the whole purpose of a college education meaningless.
7. The writer of the passage is most probably a .
A. student B. journalist C.campus administrator D. professor
8. In the writer's opinion, one reason fbr the increase in academic dishonesty is that ?
A. students wants to save money
B. class sizes are too large
C. classrooms are very small
D. dishonest students are not punished
9. The primary motive for the increase in online courses is that .
A. they are new and modem
B. they can improve the education quality
C. they do not need physical classroom space
D. they are convenient fbr both students and teachers
10. One form of the academic dishonesty mentioned in the passage is that :
A. students copy term paper without being noticed
B. students don't do any homework
C. students don't attend classes regularly
D. students can ask someone else to take exams
20. The author's attitude towards online education is ?
Directions: In the following passage, some sentences have been removed. For questions 21—25, choose the most suitable one from the list A—G to fit into each of the numbered blanks. There are two extra choices, which do not Jit into any of the gaps. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet.
Here are job interview tips to help prepare you to interview effectively. Proper preparation will help reduce some of the stress involved in job interviews and the more you prepare, the more comfortable and successful your interview will be.
Practice answering interview questions and practice your responses to the typical job interview questions and answers most employers ask. Think of concrete examples you can use to highlight your skills. 21 __________.
Make sure your interview attire is neat , tidy and appropriate fbr the type of firm you are interviewing with. Bring a nice portfolio (公文包)with copies of your resume. 22 __________.
Be On Time
Be on time fbr the interview. 23 __________ ・ If need be, take some time to drive to the
interview location ahead of time so you know exactly where you are going and how long it will take to get there.
During the job interview, try to relax and stay as calm as possible. Remember that your body language says as much about you as your answers to the questions.
25 __________ . You can also include any details you may have forgotten to mention during
your interview. If you interview with multiple people send each one a personal thank-you note. Send your thank-you note ( email is fine) within 24 hours of your interview.
A. Stay Calm
B. Always follow up with a thank-you note restating your interest in the position.
C. Providing examples of your successes is a great way to promote your opportunity.
D. On time means five to ten minutes early.
E. Search the Internet for job advertisement
F. Include a pen and paper for note taking
G. Show What You Know
Section B ( 10 marks: 1 mark for each item )
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Jonathan and his family were on their way to Clever Mountain fbr a day of hiking. Jonathan sat in the back seat of the car, clutching(抓着)Goggle, his stuffed owl, and looking out through the open window at the 26 mountains, blue streams and shady trees.
As they 27 a little bridge, the car hit a bump and Goggle went flying out the window. The car stopped on the shoulder, and he raced out just 28 time to see Goggle disappear out of view in the back of a canoe travelling down the stream.
Carlos picked up the owl form the bottom of his canoe and looked up to see 29 it came from. He thought he could see a young boy standing on the bridge, looking down, 30 there was no way he could go back against current. Not having any use fbr a stuffed owl, he throw it onto the 31 .
An eagle flying overhead saw something down below. It looked like a 32 mouse, so it swooped(俯冲)down and picked it up with its claws. The eagle soon 33 the animal was not edible and dropped it on the walking path below.
A little while later, a family came hiking down the 34 ・ "Goggle!" exclaimed Jonathan. uHow did you get 35 ?” Goggle couldn't answer, of course. He just stared at Jonathan with his big, yellow, goggly eyes.
Part II Integrated Testing (30 marks, 30 minutes ) Section A Cloze (20 marks: 1 mark for each item )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet.
Towards the end of high school, when it came time to start thinking about what colleges I was interested in applying to, there was only one thing on my mind: I wanted to get away from home. I was the elder of two 36 , and had begun to feel the urge to be on my own, that I was
37 to take charge of my own life.
Even at the time of being accepted to Virginia Tech, I was 38 at the prospect of starting over, with new faces, and new things to see and do.
But as the time arrived to 39 my bags and prepare to leave, the reality of what I was doing hit home hard. I 40 as I realized that I was going to be eight and a half hours away from everything and 41 that was familiar to me. I was leaving the town where I had 42 .and all the things about it that I loved.
For the first few 43 after arriving at school, I thought that I was not going to make it through the year. 44 a tearful call back home, I grabbed one of the few books in my suitcase, Chicken Soup For the Teenage Soul, and I headed down to the library to read a few stories. They had always been able to 45 me up before, and I was hopeful that they 46 now.
On the way out, I passed another girl in the hallway. She 47 the book in my hand and smiled, saying that she had the same book in her dorm room. 48 . I took a chance, and invited her to come to read with me. Being as 49 as I was, she agreed, and we found our way onto the library.
Before we knew 50 we were surrounded by girls, who, like us , had either read 51 owned the book, and who loved it as much as we 52 , As I watched the tears 53 everyone faces and the smiles grow as we all read, I realized that I was not alone.
The days went on, and I still 54 homebut the campus was beautiful, the people were 55 , and it became better and better as the school year continued.
38.A.amazedB. shockedC.excitedD. disappointed
39.A. packB. sellC.pullD.wash
41.A.somethingB. nobodyC.everybodyD. anything
42.A.passed byB・ grown upC. come acrossD. dropped off
43.A. secondsB. yearsC. minutesD. days
44.A. WhenB. AfterC.AsD. Until
46.A.mustB. canC.wouldD. may
48.A.tooB. eitherC.insteadD. though
53.A.tum downB. fall downC.run intoD.go through
54.A. returnedB.wentC. missedD.had
55.A. coldB.kindC.poorD. miserable
Section B Short Answer Questions ( 10 marks: 2 marks for each item )
Directions: In this part there is a short passage followed by five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefiilly. Then answer the questions or complete the statements with no more than 10 words. Please write your answers on Answer Sheet.
Is there anything more harmless than a turtle? (Unless, I suppose, you're a nice, leafy
vegetable.) Turtles and tortoises…the main difference is that turtles dwell at least partially in water, while tortoises live exclusively on land—are slow-moving, peaceful animals whose main form of protection from the outside is a hard shell. Not for nothing do we have the fable of the slow and steady tortoises winning the race. Turtles have existed in some form for more than 220 million years, outlasting their early contemporaries the dinosaurs (恐龙).Long-lived turtles and tortoise are symbols of perseverance in the natural world.
Unfortunately, the rules of the race are changing. Turtles and tortoises are among the world's most endangered vertebrates(脊椎动物).Only primate(灵长动物)---human being excepted… are at greater risk of being wiped off the planet The threats are numerous. The animals are collected by traders, eaten in the wild and in fine restaurants, used as pets and for traditional medicine, and sometimes simply killed. The very adaptation that once made them so successful—their long adult life span and delayed sexual maturityhas made them vulnerable as the world around them changed, mostly thanks to human beings.
A 2011 report from the Turtle Conservation Coalition makes it clear: we need to act if we're to save the turtles and tortoises.
"We are facing a turtle survival crisis unheard of in its severity and risk. Humans are the problem, and must therefore be the solution. Without concerted conservation action, many of the world's turtles and tortoises will become extinct within the next few decades. It is now up to us to prevent the loss of these remarkable, unique jewels of evolution.”
As we mark World's Turtle Day on May 23, spare a thought for these armored but endangered creatures.
56. The main difference between turtles and tortoises is that the former can sometimes live in water while the latter only live _________
57. For turtles and tortoises ,their main form of protection from the outside world is _________ .
58. Long-lived turtles and tortoises are symbols of _________ .
59. One of the threats turtles and tortoises face is that they can be used for traditional _________.
60. According to the passage, who is to blame for the turtle survival crisis? _________
Section B From English to Chinese (15 marks: 3 marks for each item )
Directions: Translate into Chinese the underlined sentences in the following passage. Write your translation on Answer Sheet.
66. )1 heard a shocking conversation between two diners in a restaurant the other day. One lady was deciding whether or not she should have a green salad, fresh fruit or fries as a side dish with her meal. 67.)Her fiiend said, “ don't get the fruit, it makes you fht." uFruit makes you fat?' she asked. "It has tones of calories” replied the friend. The lady ordered fries with her meal.
Can fruit make you fat? My favorite quote about fruit comes from Steven Kates, personal trainer and founder of one of my favorite wight loss products u Lifesize Portion”. In the industrial video for Lifesize he talks to a client who is astonished that she can eat an unlimited number of bananas on the Lifesize Portion program. 68.)"No one gets fht 丘om eating bananas he says.
He，s right. 69.)Of course, the women in the first conversation is right too. Some fruits are higher in calories. And for dieters with diabetes, the sugar in fruit may limit the amount they should eat. 70.)But fbr the average person who wants to eat a healthy diet, fruit is a good thing. You can overeat any food, but really, when's the last time you heard of someone overeating kiwi?
If you are concerned about the calories count in your fruit, here are a few numbers. Tm not a fan of juicing fbr weight loss, so my preference is always to eat the whole fruit instead of its juiced counterpart. Whole fruit provide more fibre, usually takes longer to eat and is more likely to make you feel satisfied fbr a long period of time. For the sake of comparison, I've included the calories counts for a few other snacks foods you might be tempted to eat instead of the fruit.
66.1 heard a shocking conversation between two diners in a restaurant the other day.
67. Her friend said, “ don't get the fruit, it makes you fat.
68. "No one gets fat from eating bananas he says.
69. Of course, the women in the first conversation is right too.
70. But for the average person who wants to eat a healthy diet, fruit is a good things
Part IV Writing ( 30 marks, 30 minutes )
71. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title Why is on line shopping so popular? You should write about 120 words following the Chinese outline given below. Please Write your translation on Answer Sheet.